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Vintage Film Sawmill


A [link] SAWMILL[/link] is a facility where logs are cut into boards. Small gasoline-powered sawmills run by local entrepreneurs served many communities in the early twentieth century, and specialty markets still today. A sawmill's basic operation is much like those of hundreds of years ago; a log enters on one end and dimensional lumber exits on the other end. Logging fells the trees, and log bucking cuts them to length. Logs are taken by truck, rail or river to the sawmill. Logs are scaled either on the way to the mill or upon arrival at the mill. Decking is the process for sorting the logs by species, size and end use (lumber, plywood, chips). Debarking removes bark from the logs. The head saw, head rig or primary saw, breaks the log into cants (unfinished logs to be further processed) and flitches (unfinished planks) with a smooth edge. Depending upon the species and quality of the log, the cants will either be further broken down by a re-saw or a gang edger into multiple flitches and/or boards. Edging will take the flitch and trim off all irregular edges leaving four-sided lumber. Trimming squares the ends at typical lumber lengths. Drying removes naturally occurring moisture from the lumber.

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