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Riots broke out in the Indonesian capital Jakarta in 1998 as thousands of rioters protested against Suharto's rule. JAKARTA, INDONESIA (FILE - 1998) (ORIGINALLY 4:3) (REUTERS) ***WARNING: CONTAINS FLASH PHOTOGRAPHY*** PEOPLE BREAKING WINDOWS WITH STONES LOOTERS CARRYING GOODS FROM SHOP BURNING STRUCTURE BURNING BUILDING Suharto resigned after 32 years in power later that year due to mounting pressure from continuous protests on the streets. His long-time friend and ally, Vice President Bachruddin Jusuf Habibie, was immediately sworn in to serve out the president's term until 2003. JAKARTA, INDONESIA (FILE - MAY 21, 1998) (ORIGINALLY 4:3) (REUTERS) SUHARTO WALKING IN INDONESIA'S VICE PRESIDENT BACHRUDDIN JUSUF HABIBIE STANDING SUHARTO READING OUT STATEMENT Unrest in Jakarta continued after Suharto stepped down, prompting Bachruddin Jusuf Habibie to order a military crackdown on angry mobs in the capital. JAKARTA, INDONESIA (FILE - NOVEMBER 14, 1998) (ORIGINALLY 4:3) (REUTERS) SMOKE RISING OVER JAKARTA SKYLINE PEOPLE BREAKING INTO BANK BURNING SHOPS VARIOUS OF HABIBIE READING A STATEMENT Protesters clashed with riot police in central Jakarta demanding Habibie step down following his decision to permit an independence referendum in East Timor. JAKARTA, INDONESIA (FILE - OCTOBER 1999) (ORIGINALLY 4:3) (REUTERS) (NIGHT SHOTS) PROTESTERS HURLING STONES AT RIOT POLICE PETROL BOMBS BEING THROWN / PROTESTERS RUNNING WATER CANNON BEING USED East Timor's independence referendum offered the province greater autonomy within Indonesia or independence. The East Timorese voted in favour of independence as well as free and fair elections. DILI, EAST TIMOR (FILE - AUGUST 23, 1999) (ORIGINALLY 4:3) (REUTERS) PEOPLE HOLDING UP BANNER READING (English): "WE EAST TIMORESE PEOPLE REJECT AUTONOMY GIVEN BY INDONESIA. INDONESIAN MILITARY MUST PULL BACK FROM EAST TIMOR BEFORE THE BALLOT" PEOPLE SHOUTING SLOGANS AND HOLDING UP DRAWING OF INDEPENDENCE FIGHTER XANANA GUSMAO PEOPLE HOLDING UP RIFLES Abdurrahman Wahid, a jocular Muslim cleric usually known as Gus Dur, was elected by the People's Consultative Assembly. He became the first Indonesian to win a contested presidential vote in October 1999. Wahid was later dismissed by parliament over allegations of corruption and incompetence. JAKARTA, INDONESIA (FILE - JULY 2001) (ORIGINALLY 4:3) (REUTERS) VARIOUS OF INDONESIAN PRESIDENT ABDURRAHMAN WAHID PRAYING WAHID WALKING INTO MEETING ROOM WAHID SITTING Megawati Sukarnoputri, the daughter of Sukarno, was sworn in as president after the dismissal of Wahid in 2001. JAKARTA, INDONESIA (FILE - JULY 23, 2001) (ORIGINALLY 4:3) (REUTERS) INDONESIAN PRESIDENT MEGAWATI SUKARNOPUTRI READING VOWS SUKARNOPUTRI WALKING AND WAVING East Timor gained independence on May 20, 2002, and Xanana Gusmao became the country's first president. DILI, EAST TIMOR (FILE - 2002) (ORIGINALLY 4:3) (REUTERS) PEOPLE STANDING IN FRONT OF BANNER VARIOUS OF PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE XANANA GUSMAO SPEAKING ON STAGE The Indonesian government signed a peace deal with Free Aceh Movement (GAM) separatists, aiming to end 26 years of violence. The deal broke down as the government mounted a military offensive against GAM. BANDA ACEH, ACEH, INDONESIA (FILE - APRIL 17, 2003) (ORIGINALLY 4:3) (REUTERS) (MUTE) FREE ACEH MOVEMENT (GAM) SEPARATISTS SOLDIERS STANDING FLAG OF GAM ON SOLDIER'S UNIFORM VARIOUS OF SOLDIER STANDING WITH WEAPON The first-ever direct presidential elections took place in Indonesia in April 2004 and Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono won. JAKARTA, INDONESIA (FILE - APRIL 5, 2004) (ORIGINALLY 4:3) (REUTERS) PEOPLE VOTING PEOPLE CASTING VOTES BALLOT PAPER BEING PUT INTO BOX JAKARTA, INDONESIA (FILE - OCTOBER 20, 2004) (ORIGINALLY 4:3) (REUTERS) PRESIDENT BAMBANG SUSILO YUDHOYONO BEING SWORN IN HEAD OF STATES SITTING YUDHOYONO READING VOWS The Indonesian government and Free Aceh Movement (GAM) separatists signed a peace agreement, Helsinki Memorandum, in Geneva in 2005 to end decades of war in the majority Muslim province. JAKARTA, INDONESIA (FILE - AUGUST 15, 2005) (ORIGINALLY 4:3) (REUTERS) YUDHOYONO WATCHING TELEVISION SCREEN SHOWING PEACE DEAL BEING SIGNED PEOPLE CLAPPING / YUDHOYONO CLAPPING Weapons in Aceh were destroyed after a peace deal signed between the Indonesian government and Free Aceh Movement (GAM) separatists. Under the agreement, Aceh received special autonomy and government troops withdrew from the province. ACEH, INDONESIA (FILE - NOVEMBER 2009) (ORIGINALLY 4:3) (REUTERS) PEOPLE HOLDING WEAPONS WEAPONS ON GRASS VARIOUS OF WEAPONS BEING DESTROYED Yudhoyono won the presidential election for a second time in 2009. JAKARTA, INDONESIA (FILE - JULY 8, 2009) (ORIGINALLY 4:3) (REUTERS) YUDHOYONO WALKING TOWARDS BALLOT BOXES YUDHOYONO AND HIS WIFE, KRISTIANI HERAWATI, SHOWING THEIR BALLOTS YUDHOYONO CASTING VOTE In November 2010, Yudhoyono welcomed U.S. President Barack Obama to Jakarta. Obama was on a visit to Indonesia, his former childhood home, for the first time in more than 40 years. JAKARTA, INDONESIA (FILE - NOVEMBER 9, 2010) (REUTERS) U.S. PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA WALKING INTO ROOM WITH YUDHOYONO YUDHOYONO AND OBAMA SHAKING HANDS Indonesians prepared to vote in the country's third direct presidential election after voting for parliamentary representatives in April 2014. The contest had narrowed down to two contenders. Outgoing President Yudhoyono was constitutionally barred from running again, after two terms in office. Former General Prabowo Subianto was one of the contenders, along with Jakarta Governor Joko Widodo. JAKARTA, INDONESIA (FILE - APRIL 9, 2014) (REUTERS) POLLING CENTRE PEOPLE STANDING BEHIND POLLING BOOTH JAKARTA, INDONESIA (FILE - JUNE 26, 2014) (REUTERS) PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATES PRABOWO SUBIANTO (LEFT) AND VICE PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE HATTA RAJASA WAVING TO SUPPORTERS FROM VEHICLE PRABOWO GREETING SUPPORTERS PARADE IN STADIUM BOGOR, WEST JAVA, INDONESIA (FILE - JUNE 7, 2014) (REUTERS) PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE JOKO WIDODO WALKING UP STEPS ONTO STAGE VARIOUS OF WIDODO TALKING TO SUPPORTERS FROM STAGE Widodo, also known as "Jokowi", was sworn in as president after a narrow victory over Prabowo. It marked the first time in the young democracy's history that a president was elected from outside the established military and political elite. JAKARTA, INDONESIA (FILE - OCTOBER 20, 2014) (REUTERS) INTERIOR OF INAUGURATION HALL PRESIDENT-ELECT JOKO WIDODO WALKING INTO PARLIAMENT CHAMBER WIDODO WALKING TOWARDS MICROPHONE TO TAKE OATH WIDODO TAKING OATH Widodo took his first official trip abroad since taking over office in November 2014, and met his counterpart Chinese President Xi Jinping for the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation leaders' summit. BEIJING, CHINA (FILE - NOVEMBER 9, 2014) (REUTERS) INDONESIAN PRESIDENT JOKO WIDODO WALKING IN AND SHAKING HANDS WITH CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING XI STANDING NEXT TO WIDODO In January 2015, Indonesia's AirAsia Flight QZ8501 lost contact with air traffic control during bad weather en route to Singapore from the Indonesian city of Surabaya. All 162 people on board were killed. PANGKALAN BUN, CENTRAL KALIMANTAN, INDONESIA (FILE - JANUARY 11, 2015) (REUTERS) CRANE MOVING STEEL BOX FROM SHIP TAIL OF AIRASIA QZ8501 ON SHIP VARIOUS OF PLANE DEBRIS ON SHIP AIRCRAFT'S TAIL ON SHIP SURABAYA, EAST JAVA PROVINCE, INDONESIA (FILE - JANUARY 1, 2015) (REUTERS) POLICE PERSONNEL CARRYING COFFIN INTO HOSPITAL ENTRANCE FAMILY MEMBERS AND POLICE STANDING AROUND COFFIN FAMILY MEMBERS CRYING Severe haze, caused by slash-and-burn agriculture practices and illegal burning of forests and other land to clear space for palm oil plantations, engulfed Indonesia's Sumatra and Kalimantan in 2015. The haze brought misery and health problems to residents and increased the pollutant index to an unhealthy level in some areas. PALEMBANG, SOUTH SUMATRA, INDONESIA (FILE - SEPTEMBER 17, 2015) (REUTERS) VARIOUS OF FIREFIGHTERS TRYING TO PUT OUT PEATLAND FIRES HELICOPTER RELEASING WATER OVER FIRES

Key Events In Indonesia's Post-Independence History, Ahead Of Election

Item ID: 112036811

By: Reuters

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